This application note describes the extraction of a range of amphetamine-type compounds from whole blood, prior to GC/MS analysis. A protocol that allows the simultaneous extraction of various other drugs of abuse classes: barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine and opiates, is also evaluated.
ISOLUTE® SLE+ columns with 1 mL sample capacity are used to extract whole blood samples following a straightforward sample dilution. No protein precipitation or other pre-treatment is required prior to sample loading. The sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts, good recoveries and RSD values and LLOQs from 10 ng/mL (analyte dependant).
Tags: 2C-B , 5-APB , 6-APB , Amphetamine , Amphetamines , Application Notes , BZP , Butylone , Clinical , Column , English , Ethylone , Forensic , GC-MS , MDA , MDEA , MDMA , MDPV , Mephedrone , Methamphetamine , Methcathinone , Methedrone , Methylone , Naphyrone , TFMPP , Whole blood , mCPP , pMMA
The structure of cyclocreatine is fairly flat (planar), which aids in passive diffusion across membranes. It has been used with success in an animal study, where mice suffered from a SLC6A8 (creatine transporter at the blood brain barrier) deficiency, which is not responsive to standard creatine supplementation.  This study failed to report increases in creatine stores in the brain, but noted a reduction of mental retardation associated with increased cyclocreatine and phosphorylated cyclocreatine storages.  As demonstrated by this animal study and previous ones, cyclocreatine is bioactive after oral ingestion   and may merely be a creatine mimetic, able to phosphorylate ADP via the creatine kinase system.